Women’s Bodies and Global Poverty Eradication
Special Issue by Peter Balint, Eszter Kollar, Patti Lenard and Tiziana Torresi. For many advocates of global justice, one important strategy in fostering development is to address women’s specific development needs. One of the principal aims of this strategy is to improve the status of maternal and infant health, and thereby to improve the status of women more generally.
Moreover, such improvements are considered central to the achievement of development goals, since improvements in women’s conditions are believed to translate into development gains for the whole community.
For most scholars and practitioners working to eradicate poverty, this focus is unambiguously a good thing, since women (and their children) are among the most vulnerable members of their own communities, and are therefore most likely to suffer from the devastating effects of poverty more generally. Yet the devastating effects of poverty can be compounded by the ways in which gender bias is so often focused on women’s bodies; the ways in which policy makers’ attempts to control women’s bodies, politically and culturally, serve to preserve their highly vulnerable positions in society. This focus often produces policies that unfairly burden women, including mandatory breastfeeding laws, population control measures, and so on.
This special issue of Global Justice: Theory, Practice and Rhetoric focuses on the ways in which women, and their bodies, are the target of deliberate attempts to sustain women’s inferior position and attempts to improve their status, which may nevertheless have unintended negative consequences or be unfairly burdensome. We especially welcome papers that combine normative and empirical elements, as well as papers that both critique and defend this approach to global poverty eradication.
We welcome particularly submissions that deal with questions such as the following:
- How do cultural and institutional forms of gender inequality stand in the way of global poverty eradication? Can cultural and institutional forms of gender inequality be harnessed to serve the cause of global poverty eradication? Do they restrict or support women’s agency more generally?
- What are the advantages/disadvantages, from a normative perspective, of targeting women in development policies to eradicate global poverty? Deadline for submission: November 30, 2013 Please email papers for review to Patti.Lenard@uottowa.ca