Manuscript Presentation

All manuscripts should comply with the following guidelines. To submit a manuscript, please see How to Submit an Article.

Manuscript Length

Manuscripts should normally not be longer than 10,000 words (including footnotes and section titles). Reviews should normally be no longer than 2,000 words (including footnotes and section titles).


Please anonymize your submission for blind review. In particular, the name of all authors should be removed from the title page or any other page of the manuscript; any acknowledgements or references to personal communication should also be removed; finally, remove all references to any of the authors’ unpublished manuscripts.


Please double space all material, including notes and references, and leave margins of at least 2.5cm.

Quotations of more than 40 words should be set off clearly by indentation.

Use single quotation marks for quotations, scare quotes and other marked-off phrases, and double for quotations within quotations.

Please place periods and commas within closing quotation marks, and colons, semicolons, question marks and exclamation marks outside closing quotation marks, unless they are part of the originally quoted passage. In that case, they should fall within the scope of the quotation. These rules do not apply to the formatting of article titles within single quotation marks as part of referencing: please see 'References' below for details of how to format article titles.

Superscripts used for note reference numbers should follow punctuation marks and closing parentheses, but precede dashes.

Please leave one space on both sides of a dash.

Please include page numbers.

Use italics for any necessary emphases and for words or phrases which are not English, unless they are in standard usage (for example, ‘bona fide’).

Please include any acknowledgments as the last footnote at the end of the article.

All reviews require a title. Instead of an abstract please provide full reference to the book(s) reviewed (see below for the referencing style).

Please DO NOT add any additional special formatting - using 'small caps' for headers / indenting the start of a new paragraph / right-hand aligning quotations / using a different font / pressing enter, tab or adding spaces to make something look visually better on the page etc. - in order to change the appearance or positioning of text on the page, in the final version of any manuscript. These will all require extra work to find and undo once copyediting begins.


The journal’s language is English. British, American, or Australian English spelling and terminology may be used, but should be followed consistently throughout the article.


Please provide a short abstract of about 150 words at the start of the paper. The abstract should not contain any undefined abbreviations or unspecified references.


Please provide at least 5 key words or short phrases in alphabetical order separated by a semi-colon, immediately following the abstract.

Section and Subsection Headings

Section headings should be clearly distinguishable but not numbered. They should be in bold and italics. Subsection headings should only be in bold, whereas sub-subsection headings should only be in italics.

Please DO NOT insert any additional tabs or spaces at the start or end of paragraphs.

Please use the indent feature to indent quotations or other clauses. Please do not use the tab key to create an indent.

Referencing and Citations

As of 2019, Global Justice: Theory Practice Rhetoric has switched to Harvard referencing. As a result, these are our new manuscript referencing guidelines.


  1. Please provide footnotes rather than endnotes.
  2. Please provide a bibliography at the end of the article.
  3. Initials should be used without spaces or full points.
  4. Up to two authors may be listed. If more are provided, then list the first author and represent the rest by et al. (which should always be written upright, not in italic).

In-text citations:

  1. All references in the text and notes must be specified by the authors’ last names and date of publication together with page numbers if relevant (EITHER (Author Last Name, year: page nos) OR (Author Last Name, year)).
  2. Only use ibid. when you are citing the same reference as in the immediately previous citation. Otherwise, show all subsequent citations of the same source in the same way as the first. If the author’s name appears in the same sentence, only year of publication can be used (e.g.: Ronzoni argues that apples are brilliant (2011: 567). Always add a page number, even when this is the same as the previous reference page number.
  3. Where there are two authors, give both names, joined by ‘and’; if three or more authors, use et al.:... it has been stated (Author Last Name and Author Last Name, year) ...... some investigators (Author Last Name et al., year) ...
  4. If there is more than one reference to the same author and year, insert a, b, etc. in both the text and the list:... it was described (Author Last Name, yeara, yearb) ...
  5. Enclose within a single pair of parentheses a series of references, separated by semicolons:... and it has been noted (Author Last Name and Author Last Name, year; Author Last Name and Author Last Name, year; Author Last Name, year) ... Please order alphabetically by author names.
  6. If two or more references by the same author are cited together, separate the dates with a comma:... the author has stated this in several studies (Author Last Name, year, year, year, year) ...Please start with the oldest publication. If all references have the same dates: (Author Last Name, yeara, yearb, yearc).
  7. Enclose within the parentheses any brief phrase associated with the reference:... several investigators have claimed this (but see Author Last Name, year: page nos–page nos). For anything longer, consider inserting a footnote instead (but please use footnotes sparingly).
  8. For an institutional authorship, supply the minimum citation from the beginning of the complete reference:... a recent statement (Name of Institution, year: page nos) ...... occupational data (Name of Bureau or Institution, year: page nos) reveal ...
  9. For authorless articles or studies, use the name of the magazine, journal, newspaper or sponsoring organization, and not the title of the article:... it was stated (Name of Journal, year) that ...
  10. Citations from personal communications are not included in the reference list:... has been hypothesized (Name of Person Cited, year, personal communication).


  1. Check that the list is in alphabetical order (treat Mc as Mac).
  2. Names should be in upper and lower case.
  3. Where several references have the same author(s), the name must be repeated each time.
  4. Last Names containing de, van, von, De, Van, Von, de la, etc. should be listed under D and V respectively. List them as: De Roux DP and not Roux DP, de. When cited in the main text without the first name, use capitals for De, Van, Von, De la, etc. (Van Dijk, year).
  5. Names containing Jr or II should be listed as follows: Author Last Name Initial Jr (year);Author Last Name Initial II (year).
  6. References where the first-named author is the same should be listed as follows: Single-author references in date order; Two-author references according to the order in which they are listed by the publication; Et al. references listed by the first named author listed by the publication; in the event of more than one entry having the same date, they should be placed in alphabetical order of second (or third) author, and a, b, etc. must be inserted. Brown J (2003); Brown TR and Yates P (2003); Brown W (2002); Brown W (2003a); Brown W (2003b); Brown W and Jones M (2003); Brown W and Peters P (2003); Brown W et al. (2003a); Brown W et al. (2003b); Peters P and Brown A (2004); Peters P et al. (2001).
  7. Check that all periodical data are included – volume, issue and page numbers, publisher, place of publication, etc.
  8. Journal titles should not be abbreviated.

Reference styles:

    • Book: Beitz C (1999) Political Theory and International Relations. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
    • Chapter within a book: Walzer M (1999) Deliberation and What Else?. In: Macedo S (ed) Deliberative Politics: Essays on Democracy and Disagreement. New York: Oxford University Press: 58-69.
    • Journal article: Lovett F and Pettit P (2009) Neo-Republicanism: A Normative and Institutional Research Program. Annual Review of Political Science 12/1: 18-29.
    • Journal article published ahead of print: Huth EJ, King K and Lock S (1988) Uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals. British Medical Journal. Epub ahead of print 12 June 2011. DOI: 10.1177/09544327167940.
    • Website: National Center for Professional Certification (2002) Factors affecting organizational climate and retention. Available at: (Last accessed on: 10 July 2010).
    • Website newspaper article: Pettit P (2019) Why Brexit distorts the will of the people. New Statesman. Available at: (Last accessed on: 2 April 2019).
    • Thesis/dissertation: Clark JM (2001) Referencing style for journals. PhD Thesis, University of Leicester, UK.
    • Conference article (published or unpublished): Clark JM and Smith P (2002) Latest research on car exhaust manifolds. In: 17th international conference on strain analysis (ed L Macadam), London, UK, 23–25 September 2010, pp.12–14. London: Professional Engineering Publishing.
    • Blog: Clark JM (2006) Article title. In: Blog title. Available at: (Last accessed on: 20 August 2011).
    • Report: MacDonald S (2008) The state of social welfare in the UK. Report, University of Durham, UK, June.2. Citigroup Ltd. (2011) How to make your money work for you. Report for the Department of Finance. Report no. 123345, 13 June. Oxford: OUP.

Supported file formats 

Manuscripts should be prepared for submission in any of the following supported file formats: Word Document (.doc, .docx).


You will need to submit all figures, if any, as separate files in TIFF (.tif) or EPS (.eps) format. Do not submit GIF (.gif) or JPEG (.jpg) files. Only submit high-resolution images.

Further information 

If you have any questions please contact the Journal’s Editorial Assistant, Leonie Smith, at