Global Welfare Egalitarianism, Resource Rights, and Decolonization

  • Kerstin Reibold UiT - The Arctic University of Norway

Abstract

This paper argues that land and resource rights are often essential in overcoming colonial inequality and devaluation of indigenous populations and cultures. It thereby criticizes global welfare egalitarians that promote the abolition of national sovereignty over resources in the name of increased equality. The paper discusses two ways in which land and resource rights contribute to decolonization and the eradication of the associated inequality. First, it proposes that land and resource rights have acquired a status-conferring function for (formerly) colonized peoples so that possession of full personhood and relational equality is partially expressed through the possession of land and resource rights. Second, it suggests that successful internal decolonization depends on access to and control over land and resources, especially for indigenous peoples.

References

Ahmed S 2004 The Cultural Politics of Emotions. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Anderson E 1999. What Is the Point of Equality? Ethics 109: 287–337.

Armstrong C 2006 Rethinking equality. Reappraising the Political. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Armstrong C 2017 Justice and Natural Resources: An Egalitarian Theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Australian Human Rights Commission 1993. Social Justice Report: First Annual Report 1993, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Justice Commissioner. Canberra: Australian Human Rights Commission.

Bombay A., Matheson K. and Anisman H 2013 Expectations Among Aboriginal Peoples in Canada Regarding the Potential Impacts of a Government Apology. Political Psychology 34/ 3: 443-460.

Brooks R 2004 Atonement and forgiveness: A new model for Black Reparations. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Butler J 1997 Excitable Speech. A Politics of the Performative. New York & London: Routledge.

Fricke C 2011 What we cannot do to each other. In C. Fricke (ed.) The ethics of forgiveness. A collection of essays. New York: Routledge, 51-68.

Friedrich D and N Southwood 2011. Promises and Trust. In H Sheinman (ed.) Promises and Agreements: Philosophical Essays. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Fukuyama F 1995 Trust: The Social Virtues and the Creation of Prosperity. New York: The Free Press.

Gambetta D (ed.) 1988 Trust: Making and Breaking Cooperative Relations. New York: Basil Blackwell.

Gold G and Weiner B 2000 Remorse, confession, group identity, and expectancies about repeating a transgression. Basic and Applied Social Psychology 22: 291-300.

Govier T 2002 Forgiveness and Revenge. New York: Routledge.

Griswold C 2007 Forgiveness. A Philosophical Exploration. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hanson E 2019 UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Available at: https://indigenousfoundations.arts.ubc.ca/un_declaration_on_the_rights_of_indigenous_peoples/ (accessed 15 March 2019).

Hardin R 1996 Trustworthiness. Ethics 107: 26–42.

Inglehart, R., 1999. “Trust, Well-being and Democracy.” In Warren (ed.) 1999 Democracy and Trust. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Jones K 1996 Trust as an Affective Attitude. Ethics 107: 4–25.

Kohen A 2009 The Personal and the Political: Forgiveness and Reconciliation in Restorative Justice. Faculty Publications: Political Science 34.

Kollar E and Santoro D 2012 Not by Bread Alone: Inequality, Relative Deprivation and Self-Respect Philosophical Topics 40/1: 79-96.

Lightfoot S 2015 Settler-State Apologies to Indigenous Peoples: A Normative Framework and Comparative Assessment. Native American and Indigenous Studies 2/ 1: 15-39.

Luhmann N 1979 Trust and Power. Toronto: Wiley.

MacLachlan A 2010 Unreasonable Resentments. Journal of Social Philosophy 41: 422-441.

McLeod C 2015 Trust. Available at: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (accessed 10 March 2019).

Michel M 2013 Equality and Postcolonial Claims of Discursive Injury. Swiss Political Science Review 19/4: 447–471.

Murphy C 2010 A Moral Theory of Political Reconciliation. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Panagos D 2016 Uncertain Accommodation: Aboriginal Identity and Group Rights in the Supreme Court of Canada. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press.

Pettit P 1997 Republicanism. A Theory of Freedom and Government. Oxford: Clarendon.

Schuppert F 2012 Suffering from Social Inequality: Normative Implications of Empirical Research on the Effects of Inequality. Philosophical Topics 40/ 1: 97-115.

Shnabel N and Nadler A 2008 A needs-based model of reconciliation: Satisfying the differential emotional needs of victim and perpetrator as a key to promoting reconciliation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 94/ 1: 116-132.

Snow Nancy E 1993 Self-Forgiveness. The Journal of Value Enquiry 27: 75-80.

Tavuchis N 1991 Mea Culpa: A Sociology of Apology and Reconciliation. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Uslaner E 2002 The moral foundations of trust. New York: Cambridge University.

Uslaner E 2008 Where you stand depends upon where your grandparents sat: The inheritability of generalized trust. Public Opinion Quarterly 72/ 4: 725-740.

Okimoto T and Wenzel M 2010 How acts of forgiveness restore a sense of justice: Addressing status/ power and value concerns raised by transgressions. European Journal of Social Psychology 40: 401-417.

Wolfe P 2006 Settler colonialism and the elimination of the native. Journal of Genocide Research 8/ 4: 387-409.

Published
2021-07-28